Writing a synthèse essay requires the ability of understanding information and organizing it. This skill is taught in college and high schools, but can be used in the business world and advertising. Scroll down to Step 1 if you want to learn how to write an essay synthesis.
A synthesis essay is a piece of writing that combines several pieces. The purpose of the synthesis essay is making connections between various parts of a piece or multiple pieces with the aim of supporting a claim. That is, when you conduct research on a topic you will seek out connections that can be used to form a solid perspective. The following are examples of synthesis essays.
Argument synthesis: This type is composed of a thesis statement that outlines the author’s position. It arranges relevant information collected from research in a logical fashion to support the thesis. This format is commonly used for business white papers or position papers. This is the type synthesis paper students will write on the AP examination.
Review: Commonly written as a precursor essay to an argument synthèse, a review essay discusses previous writings on a topic. The essay also provides a critical analysis and discussion of the source material. The review usually states that more research should be done in the subject area or that it has not addressed the issue adequately. This type of paper can be found in both medicine and social sciences.
Explanatory/background synthesis: This type of essay helps readers understand a topic by categorizing facts and presenting them to further the reader’s understanding. It does NOT advocate a particular point-of-view and if the thesis has a thesis statement it is weak. White papers for business may use this form. However, it is more likely that they will have a point if they are understated.
Choose a topic appropriate for a Synthesis Essay. Your topic should have enough breadth to allow you to link several sources together but not be so wide as that you synthesisessaytopics.com bring together many disparate sources. Preparation reading can be helpful if you don’t have a choice. A synthesis essay is a piece of writing that combines two or more topics.
Example: A broad topic can be narrowed down to a reasonable topic for writing a synthesis essay. You could instead discuss the effect that texting had on English.
If you’re given a topic to discuss in class, be sure to read it carefully and make sure you understand it.
You should carefully research your sources. If you take the AP test your sources will already be given to you. It is common to choose at most three sources for your essay. If you have the time, you can learn additional sources if necessary. Search for material in your sources that can relate to the reason you wrote your essay (what is your argument).
Keep in mind that it is always better to complete three sources correctly than to complete five sources incorrectly.
By adding notes to the margins, you can annotate any source. This allows you track your thoughts, ideas, and progress.
You should develop a thesis statement. Once you have read through the available sources or done your own research, it is time to develop a thesis statement. Your thesis will be the core idea of your essay. It should address the topic and give your viewpoint on that topic. It should be a sentence. Depending on your essay, the thesis statement may be the opening sentence or last sentence of the first paragraph. 
Example: As the millennial generation develops their own language, texting has had a positive effect on the English language.
Read through your sources to find items that support your thesis. Find key quotes, stats, ideas, and facts to support your thesis by going through your source material. These facts and quotes will be useful for your thesis. These will be used throughout your essay.
If you are going to make a claim against an opponent to your idea and poke holes into it, you need to also locate ideas or quotes that do not support your thesis statement. Then, create a plan for how to disprove these claims. This is called a concession.
Example: A thesis statement like the one above can be found in excellent sources. These include quotes from Linguists discussing new words that were created using ‘text-speak’. Statistics that show how English has evolved with nearly every generation of English, facts that show students still possess the ability to write with proper grammar (which your opponents would point out is the main reason texting has affected the English vocabulary).
This will help you to organize your thesis. This can be done either as a formal outline or in your head. However you need to decide how your material should be presented for the best effect. This is the structure that you should use if you’re writing the paper for the AP Test. The following structure is recommended:
- A hook sentence is an introductory sentence that captures the reader’s attention. 2. Identifying the issue you will discuss. 3. Your thesis statement.
The body paragraphs include: 1. One reason you should support your thesis with a topic sentence. 2. Your explanation of and opinion of the topic sentence. 3. Sources of support that back up your claim. 4. Explanation for the significance of the source(s).
- The conclusion paragraph: 1. 2. A thoughtful thought or conclusion for your paper.
For your thesis to be more creative, you should use a different structure. If you are not writing the argumentative synthesis essay in preparation for the AP examination, you might use a more elaborate structure. There are many different ways to structure your essay.
Example/illustration. This could be a summary or detailed recount of your source material, which provides significant support for your point. If your paper allows, you may include multiple illustrations or examples. However, your paper shouldn't be a series or array of examples, as this can distract from supporting your thesis. Straw man. This technique is used to argue against your thesis and show the weaknesses, flaws, and strengths of the counter-argument. This format demonstrates your awareness of the opposition as well as your willingness to answer it. The counter-argument should be presented immediately after your thesis. Followed by evidence to refute it, the argument should end with a positive argument in support of your thesis. Concession. Concession. This structure is ideal for presenting papers and arguments to readers who are opposed.
Comparison and contrast. This structure uses comparisons and contrasts to show the different aspects of two subjects. A careful review of the source material is required to discover subtle and major points. This kind can present its arguments source by source or by points similarity or different.
You will need to create a plan for a background review or synthesis essay. While most synthesis essays have a single purpose: to support a thesis and state it, background or review essays seek out the ideas and opinions in the sources. These types of essays can be structured in one of two ways:
Summary. Summary. This structure summarises each of your relevant sources. This makes it a stronger argument to support your thesis. While it presents specific evidence supporting your point of view but omits your own views, it can be very useful. It is most commonly used to create background and review essays.
List of reasons. This is a collection sub-points derived from the main points of your paper. Each reason is supported using evidence. Similar to the summary, each reason should become more important, with most important reasons at the end.
The outline should guide your writing. However, you should be ready to alter your plan if your sources provide new ideas or information that supports your thesis. The AP test requires that you write a synthesis. This means you won’t be able to do more than one draft.
Your essay should contain an introduction, body, and conclusion.
Use the third person. Writing in third person requires that you use the “he,” the “she,” or the “it” words and that you use clear, unambiguous sentences. Present enough information in your essay to demonstrate your credibility. However, you should use active voice whenever possible. Passive voice is acceptable in situations where you would normally use first (“I”)/second (“you”)
To ensure the text flows smoothly, you can use transitions within paragraphs. Transitions are great for highlighting places where your sources complement one another. Pennington’s paper Cliffhanger Economics (Hallstrom’s theory of price fixing) supports Hallstrom. Pennington makes these points:
For longer quotes, preferably three lines or more, you should set them off as blocks quotes in order to bring attention to them.
Revise your essay. This is an opportunity to strengthen arguments and improve transitions among paragraphs. Make your argument as clear and concise as possible. You should read your essay loudly to make sure you don’t miss any awkward sentences or uncoherent arguments.
Ask another person to proofread it. The old saying that two heads are better for one still holds true. Ask a colleague or friend what they would add/remove from the paper. Importantly, is your argument coherent and well supported by sources?
Do not forget to proofread the paper. Go through the paper and check for errors in grammar, punctuation, or spelling. Are all names and proper nouns correctly spelling? Are there any unnecessary sentences or fragments? Correct them as needed.
For the sake of accuracy, you should read the paper aloud.
If you are able, get a friend/classmate to proofread it.
Cite your source material. For most papers, this means citing your source material using footnotes. Footnotes or in-text citations should always be used for any paraphrased or cited material. The AP essay will not require you to use a specific style of citation. However, after you cite the source, you will be required to identify it.
Example of citing AP synthesis essay. McPherson claims that “texting” has “changed the English language in a good way–it had given a different generation their own way to communicate.” Source E.
MLA format is best for college essays. It doesn’t matter which format you use, just be consistent. You might also be asked if you prefer Chicago or APA style.
Title your essay. Your title should reflect what you have written in your thesis statements and supporting arguments. Your essay should fit your title.